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Alameda County Library

Legal Information: Courts

This guide contains a list of law resources


Understanding the Federal Courts

How were the federal courts established? What kind of cases do they hear? What is the difference between state and federal courts? These might be some of the questions you're asking when you visit, and the answers are a click away.

Our Founding Fathers understood the need for an independent Judiciary, which was created under Article III of the United States Constitution. The Judicial Branch is one of the three separate and distinct branches of the federal government. The other two are the legislative and executive branches.

If you would like to learn more about the federal Judiciary and how the courts work, take a few minutes to visit the links below.